Nanostructured sheets of silicon can bend light in unusual ways, eliminating the need for bulky lenses.
The chemical company BASF says the basic type of battery used now in hybrids could be improved tenfold, leading to cheaper electric cars.
A Caltech scientist creates tiny lattices with enormous potential.
Availability: 3-5 years
Advanced genetic tools could help boost crop yields and feed billions more people.
Availability: 10-15 years
A new way to produce metals could have wide-ranging effects.
Advanced manufacturing technologies are leading to smaller jet engines.
A startup called SolidEnergy has developed a kind of lithium-ion battery that stores far more energy.
An exotic form of silicon, called silicene, could enable a new generation of faster computers.
Researchers have found a way to augment ordinary silicon solar cells with a material called a perovskite.
Carmakers must also push out more of the cleaner vehicles to meet average fleet emissions standards.