Select your localized edition:

Close ×

More Ways to Connect

Discover one of our 28 local entrepreneurial communities »

Be the first to know as we launch in new countries and markets around the globe.

Interested in bringing MIT Technology Review to your local market?

MIT Technology ReviewMIT Technology Review - logo


Now Available: Innovators Under 35 2013 See The 2013 List »

Jeffrey Bigham, 28

Free service to help blind people navigate the Web

University of Rochester

Problem: More than 38 million people worldwide have low or no vision. To use the Web, many use screen readers, which speak on-screen text aloud. But this software is expensive and is rarely installed on public computers in libraries or cybercafés; in such places, simple tasks such as confirming flight information or checking e-mail can be impossible for blind users.

Solution: As a graduate student at the University of Washington, Jeffrey Bigham created Web­Anywhere, a free screen reader that can be used with practically any Web browser on any operating system--no special software required. Users start at; from there, they can use keyboard commands to navigate to any Web page. While other screen readers synthesize speech from text locally, WebAnywhere fetches speech from a central server and sends the audio to the user's computer. "The potential is there for big lag times between when the user presses a button and gets speech back," says Bigham, now an assistant professor in computer science at the University of Rochester. "Pretty much everyone thought that this latency problem would kill us." To speed things up, he created a model that predict­s which parts of a page a user is most likely to interact with, such as links, and preëmptively fetches audio describing that content. The result is that WebAnywhere sends synthesized speech to users within a fraction of a second. --Stephen Cass

2009 TR35 Winners

Michael Backes

Proving that Internet security protocols can really be trusted

Jeffrey Bigham (video)

Free service to help blind people navigate the Web

Jeffrey Heer

Easy-to-use tools allow people to present data in creative and interesting ways

Vik Singh

Opening up search secrets to spur innovation

Jaime Teevan

Using personal information to improve search results


More Innovators Under 35: