Select your localized edition:

Close ×

More Ways to Connect

Discover one of our 28 local entrepreneurial communities »

Be the first to know as we launch in new countries and markets around the globe.

Interested in bringing MIT Technology Review to your local market?

MIT Technology ReviewMIT Technology Review - logo


Now Available: Innovators Under 35 2013 See The 2013 List »

Cody Friesen, 31

Making cheaper, higher-energy batteries to store renewable energy

Fluidic Energy

Zinc-air batteries, which use zinc metal as the anode and an alkaline paste as the electrolyte, are simple, inexpensive, nontoxic, and long-­lasting. But engineers haven't been able to figure out how to recharge them. Cody Friesen, an associate professor of materials science at Arizona State University, solved the problem by using a porous electrode and a liquid solution of zinc ions and additives as the electrolyte. He cofounded Fluidic Energy in 2007 to commercialize the design, and outside testing of its commercial prototype is planned for late fall. Within two years, Friesen hopes to be selling batteries that can hold twice as much energy as the lithium-ion batteries used in laptops and, increasingly, in electric cars. He calculates that his rechargeable metal-air batteries could ultimately hold 10 times as much energy as lithium-ion devices at a much lower cost. The first market he's aiming for is storage of wind- and solar-generated electricity, but the batteries could also be useful in hybrid electric vehicles and portable electronics. --Neil Savage

Pump it up: In a standard zinc-air battery (bottom left), oxygen from the air reacts with the zinc anode, releasing electrons. Reversing the process creates spiky zinc crystals that ruin the battery. In Friesen's design (above), a pump pushes a solution of zinc ions and proprietary additives through the anode, a scaffold that contains an array of different-sized pores. Both the arrangement of pores and the additives inhibit crystal formation during charge and discharge.
Credit: Arthur Mount

2009 TR35 Winners

Ranjan Dash

Nanoporous carbon could help power hybrid cars

Cody Friesen (video)

Making cheaper, higher-energy batteries to store renewable energy

Kurt Zenz House

Capturing carbon dioxide through cement production

Andrew Perlman (video)

Slashing carbon emissions by converting coal into natural gas

Cyrus Wadia

Identifying materials that could be unexpectedly useful in solar cells


More Innovators Under 35: