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Now Available: Innovators Under 35 2013 See The 2013 List »

John Carmack, 31

Entertainment

ID Software

For a decade, John Carmack, cofounder of id Software, has revolutionized the computer game industry with immersive first-person shoot-’em-up games where players maneuver through 3-D worlds as characters on the screen. Since 1992 the self-taught programmer has attracted a devoted following of millions and has broken sales records with Wolfenstein 3-D, Doom I and II and the three- part Quake series. His work raised the standard from simple games to complex, role-playing scenarios, which are so compelling that the U.S. Marines have used the games to train fighters. To make possible more realistic environments, Carmack has used leading-edge graphics hardware to create game engines, and he freely allows developers to improve them. “A great many people in the industry got their start modifying our games,” he says proudly. Carmack—who also builds small rocket-powered vehicles—and his crew in Mesquite, TX, are working on a new engine that improves the depth and texture of 3-D environments. His ultimate goal: achieve a level of rendering equal to those “of film and television graphics.”

2002 TR35 Winners

Richard Barton

Internet and Web

Sergey Brin

Internet and Web

John Carmack

Entertainment

Josh Coates

Software

Paul Debevec

Entertainment

Shawn Fanning

Internet and Web

Justin Frankel

Internet and Web

Vinay Gidwaney

Software

Robert Guttman

Software

Travis Kalanick

Internet and Web

Lydia Kavraki

Software

Reiner Kraft

Internet and Web

Raymond Lau

Software

Max Levchin

Innovator of the Year

Pamela Lipson

Software

Rob Malda

Internet and Web

Steve McCanne

Internet and Web

Lou Montulli

Internet and Web

Kazuho Oku

Internet and Web

Larry Page

Internet and Web

Joseph Reagle

Internet and Web

Tim Tuttle

Internet and Web

Susie Wee

Internet and Web

Ethan Zuckerman

Internet and Web

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